A few days ago I
noticed that one of my favorite economics blogs " NakedCapitalism added an
"I Support the Occupy Movement" banner. I blinked twice, reloaded the page, and checked to see if some misaligned advertisement or other glitch was responsible.
Disclaimer: I attended U. C. Berkeley for 1 month in 1979, before transferring to
a school run by "liberal" Jesuits, the University of San Francisco -
one of my few great decisions of my youth.
The Jesuits did a
great job instilling my lifelong pursuit of learning, and the appreciation of
different perspectives. I do not place NakedCapitalism outside of what I
consider mainstream economic blogs, - it's on my Feedly "A" list. But the addition of the banner, and lack of any
disclaimer in front of this article, has adjusted my understanding of their point of view.
That being said, the
collision of the banner, the article, my previous blogs on Occupy Wall Street (OWS), along with the completion of a class "Converting
Strategy into Action" from the Stanford SAPM program created context for
this post. I will be pulling many quotes from the article - linked above - and
will mark all in italics, my comments will be in bold. I have included links to many of my posts from the OWS period - it was a very productive time for my writing (ranting).
historical context, and identifies the problem, but seems to stop short after
recommending "apostasy" or renunciation of religious or political
belief.I would point out that the
religious belief (revelation of God's Will) has been stripped from the activist
playbook - Kauffman provides examples. So, are the activists to give up the
political belief - which seems to be their more closely held
"A 1943 “Guide to Quaker Practice” explained, “The principle
of corporate guidance, according to which the Spirit can inspire the group as a
whole, is central. Since there is but one Truth, its Spirit, if followed will
produce unity.” Consensus process will eventually yield a decision, in
other words, because discussing, listening, and waiting will ultimately reveal
God’s will. Patience will lead to Truth."
Linking Quaker leadership practices to the Occupy Wall
Street movement is almost too hard for me to comprehend… but, there it is, and
Kauffman provides examples to other activist movements. I was not a fan of OWS, in part because of their agenda,
and a lot because of their execution. The blog posts linked below are from
2001, but provide a great summary of my position.
"In practice, the process [Consensus] often worked well in small-group settings,
including within the affinity groups that often formed the building blocks for
large actions. At the scale of a significant mobilization, though, the process
was fraught with difficulty from the start. "
"A similar dynamic played out in Occupy Wall
Street almost a quarter century later, where the general assembly proved
ill-equipped to address the day-to-day needs of the encampment. Though On
Conflict and Consensus assured organizers that “Formal Consensus is not
inherently time-consuming,” experience suggested otherwise. The process favored
those with the most time, as meetings tended to drag out for hours; in theory,
consensus might include everyone in all deliberations, but in practice, the
process greatly favored those who could devote limitless time to the movement —
and made full participation difficult for those with ordinary life commitments
outside of their activism."
The irony, that some people would "devote
limitless time" (read: limitless resources) to a movement that decried
people with, well, limitless resources. In "theory"… resources are
always limited, why would time be excluded? Irony #2 - those with the most resources tended to push their agenda on the OWS movement. Wow. Amazing.
Sometimes, that forced groups to reckon with
important issues that the majority might otherwise ignore, which could indeed
be powerful and transformative. But it also consistently empowered cranks,
malcontents, and even provocateurs to lay claim to a group’s attention and gum
up the works, even when groups adopted modifications to strict consensus that
allowed super-majorities to override blocks.
"Great decisions, great ideas, great
innovation, always come from a mob." ~Ever, Noone
The prime appeal of consensus
process for 40 years has been its promise to be more profoundly democratic than
other methods. This promise has been repeated again and again like dogma. But
let’s face it: the real-world evidence is shaky at best. Perhaps the reason why
it has endured so long in activist circles despite its evident practical
shortcomings has something to do with the theological character it carried over
from Quaker religious practice, the way it addresses a deep desire for
transcendent group unity and “higher truth.”
Profound democracy as dogma? Sorry,
that really needs an edit. Socialism as dogma. Ah, much better. Image a perfect
world where every single decision about every single thing was decided by every
single person coming together to discuss, negotiate, come to consensus and move
forward. What a perfect… disaster. So, we need a committee! People who are
smart, empathetic, able to make decisions that everyone else will like… no,
not like --- LOVE!
Perfection does not sit well on a scale.
If the forty-year persistence of
consensus has been a matter of faith, surely the time has now come for
apostasy. Piety and habit are bad reasons to keep using a process whose
benefits are more notional than real. Outside of small-group settings, consensus
process is unwieldy, off-putting, tiresome, and ineffective. Many inclusive,
accountable alternative methods are available for making decisions
democratically. If we want to change the world, let’s pick ones that work.
Oh, so close… admitting a problem is the first step, but Kauffman doesn't go any further.
A New Prescription
Step 1 - Pile a
group of activists into a Nissan Leaf (it will be a small, but environmentally
Step 2 - Drive the
50 miles from U. C. Berkeley to Stanford University (don’t forget bridge tolls for
Step 3 - Pony up the
money for "Converting Strategy into Action", take the class, study the concepts, and adopt new practices
Step 4 - Create a
business plan (you know, hierarchy, roles, responsibilities) using the
Strategic Execution Framework
Step 5 - Use the
Strategic Execution Map to align Customer wants with your project based
work.(You do know what your customer
wants - right? You may be surprised if it is not exactly the same thing that you want.)
Step 6 - Make sure
your leaders have talent, your followers share a common vision, and take your best shot. (No worries, the failure rate is brutal, good effort is sometimes the best reward)
Bottom Line - Bitter Pill
"Pure Democracy" might work just fine in a group of Late Cycle (See
Moore's Adoption Cycle), religiously aligned Quakers. The Quakers have the discipline to wait for for their answers to be revealed. Revealed in the religious sense.
Applying that same process to
a group trying to "Change The World" has proved, well, not
efficacious. Being wrong on execution for 40 years is no way to advance your
agenda, and may even be alienating potential "customers". Discipline is rare because political alignment is a myth.
principles, a bit of entrepreneurial leadership, account for future
organizational growth… and create customers by drawing them to an attractive